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Agro Commodities

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“RICE” Oryza Sativa, it is believed, is associated with wet, humid climate, though it is not a tropical plant. It is probably a descendent of wild grass that was most likely cultivated in the foothills of the far Eastern Himalayas. Another school of thought believes that the rice plant may have originated in southern India, then spread to the north of the country and other parts of the world.

Rice is the staple crop of India, and every day millions of people around the world find comfort in it. With a high carbohydrate content, it is known to provide instant energy, and is a staple that is consumed by the majority of world’s population. Hence, the importance of rice crop can’t be ignored.

There are various type of rice varieties that are consumed in our country – Basmati, White, Brown, Red, Jasmine, Parboiled and Sticky Rice. Rice is an adaptable crop and can be cultivated in a variety of climates, be it plains, or the mountains and hence it can be grown as a Kharif crop or even as Rabi crop! However the primary season is Kharif and hence most of the Rice sowing is done during June to July, and for the Rabi, the sowing time is November to February. At the same time, the harvesting happens in November-December for the Kharif, and March-June for the Rabi. The states that cultivate rice for the Rabi season are Assam, West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu etc. Since rice is mostly a Kharif crop, hence majority of rice in the rest of India is produced in the Kharif season.

The regions cultivating this crop in India is distinguished as the western coastal strip, the eastern coastal strip, covering all the primary deltas, Assam plains and surrounding low hills, foothills and Terai region- along the Himalayas and states like West Bengal, Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh, eastern Madhya Pradesh, northern Andhra Pradesh and Odisha.

India is the leading exporter of the Basmati Rice to the global market. In the financial year 2018-19, India exported around 4.4 million metric tons of Basmati rice worth USD 4.7 billion.